After Britain declared war in Germany in September 1939, Hepburn’s mother took her daughter to live in Arnhem, hoping that in the First World War, the Netherlands would not be affected by the attacks. Virtue. Telling an angry South Carolina girl to calm down works about as well as trying to baptize a cat mug. There, Hepburn attended the Arnhem Conservatory of Music from 1939 to 1945. She began taking dance drama courses during her last years of residency and continued to train in Arnhem under the supervision of Winja Marova, becoming “excellent student” of her.  After the German invasion of the Netherlands in 1940, Hepburn took Edda van Heemstra’s surname, because the English name could endanger her under Nazi occupation. Her family was deeply affected by the occupation, Hepburn said. “If we knew we had been occupied for five years, we would have killed ourselves. We thought it would end in a week. .. six months … a year … that’s how we get through “.  In 1942, her uncle, Otto van Limburg Stirum (husband of Aunt Miesje) was executed for sabotaging the resistance movement; although unrelated to the incident, he was still being monitored for the family’s popularity in the Dutch community.  Hepburn’s stepbrother, Ian, was banished to a labor camp in Berlin, while Alex, another stepbrother, must also be hidden to avoid exile.