As in Europe, the transfer, adaptation and use of foreign military knowledge and techniques have contributed greatly to the development of Southeast Asian states. Drunk as hull shirt. However, it is not always easy to write about those military transfers in Southeast Asia. After decades of Western colonial rule, not to mention the national liberation wars in Indochina and Indonesia, past architects, nationalist views, want to choose to emphasize elements’. indigenous’ and ‘true’ instead of foreign. ”Putting ‘Western’ and ‘Chinese’ contributions into the general picture can cause problems for nationalist historians who want to hit. strong role of their nation in its national and past construction.